The Gallipoli Campaign was a major allied military defeat in WW1. Even from the very beginning, on April 25 1915, the landing was chaotic and messed up. After eight months of fighting, the allied invasion force (which included Australia and New Zealand} was withdrawn to Egypt.
The whole campaign cost close to 400,000 casualties on both sides.
Many Australians who fought at Gallipoli and survived went onto the Western Front to find themselves in another allied disaster in July 1916... The Battle Of Fromelles, which is the worst day in Australian history.
The most accurate estimation of the number of Australians killed in the Gallipoli Campaign is 8,709. It is estimated 17,924 men were wounded, 644 of them officers. 70 Australians ended being captured by the enemy.
WW1 cost 61,522 Australians their lives.
New Zealand had 7,991 casualties at Gallipoli, with 2,779 being killed and 5,212 being wounded.
It is estimated that WW1 cost New Zealand over 18,000 lives.
How the name ANZAC happened: Towards the end of the 1914 the New Zealand Australian Division (later included the 1st Light Horse Brigade) were training in the Egyptian desert with the 1st Australian Division. They were joined into the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, which is of course 'the ANZACs'.
It is well documented that the Gallipoli Campaign was a military failure, but Gallipoli became a symbol of mateship, courage and sacrifice with many Australians, and out of that the ANZAC legend was created. Australia had not long been formed as a nation 14 years before, and it was important that Australians could see the extraordinary loss of lives on the Gallipoli battefleld as being the cost of being a signicant part of the British Empire. The hellish later losses of so many Australians on the Western Front dented to some degree the confidence Australians had in British military commanders in WW1 and many Australians started to see themselves as being different... They were 'Diggers.'
Nine Victoria Crosses were awarded to soldiers in Australian units at Gallipoli. A total of 64 Victoria Crosses were awarded to Australians in WW1, more than any other war.
What made the Gallipoli Campaign stand out even more to the Australian public was Simpson and his Donkey. Colonel John Monash (he later became a General) wrote: "Private Simpson and his little beast earned the admiration of everyone at the upper end of the valley. They worked all day and night throughout the whole period since the landing, and the help rendered to the wounded was invaluable. Simpson knew no fear and moved unconcernedly amid shrapnel and rifle fire, steadily carrying out his self-imposed task day by day, and he frequently earned the applause of the personnel for his many fearless rescues of wounded men from areas subject to rifle and shrapnel fire."
Simpson was a very brave person wh lost his life looking after the wounded and he and his donkey are immortalized within the ANZAC legend.
For those interested in history, it is interesting to see how British rule in the world through their empire was greatly affected by its wars with Germany in WW1 and WW2... Even though Germany was stopped in WW1 from expanding, and soundly defeated in WW2, the drain on Britain saw the end of the British Empire and the rise of the United States Of American and the Soviet Union Music and song used in Australia on ANZAC Day and Remembrance Day - 'Can You Hear Australia's Heroes Marching?' is a national war memorial song and a tribute to the ANZAC spirit of mateship, courage and sacrifice. Over 100,000 Australians have lost their lives in the service and defence of our country. Along with their mates, they're marching once again, in the towns and cities, across our great land.
Australia celebrated its Centenary of Federation in 2001 (1901 - 2001), when the six separate British self governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Tasmania, Victoria, South Australia and Western Australia, came together to form a nation. So with the song being recorded in March 2001, it was a significant time to record such a song, on the Centenary year of Australian Federation.
The author of the song is Peter Barnes... You can read what influenced Peter to create the song here.
At this very special time in Australia, with the centenary of the landing at Gallipoli on the 25th April, 2015, and the ANZAC Centenary 2014 - 2018, the author of the song has made the original version of the song (2001) available for free and can be downloaded at the song's official website download page here.
At the same download page you can buy sheet music, backing track and USB's. Sheet music includes, full arrangement, choir, solo voice, piano, guitar (bass & electric), trumpet and drum kit.
Please Note: All content on this website (including the YouTube video) remains the property of the respective copyright holders. The song may not be used for any commercial purposes whatsoever. Peter Barnes holds copyright for 'Can you hear Australia's heroes marching?'. Any commercial use of the song without the author's consent will be in violation of copyright.
Disclaimer: Information on this website comes from differnt sources and can be considered to be reliable, however, we take no responsibility and will not be held liable for any errors in the information on this website. For instance, battle and/or war casualty numbers can vary from different sources. Also the author of this website is not infallible, so if you have more accurate information regarding the topics/information on this website then contact the author of the song. You can phone him on 0418 82 7756.
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